What is CBG?

What is CBG?

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is a cannabinoid that functions a lot like CBD, but it is far less abundant in hemp.  CBG’s scarcity makes it harder to extract and thus more difficult (and more expensive) for consumers to find, but it’s becoming more well-known. 

With nicknames like “the mother cannabinoid” and “the stem cell of cannabinoids,” CBG occupies a special place among its kindred compounds. Young hemp maintains higher concentrations of CBGa. As the plant matures, CBGa converts to THCa, CBDa, CBCa, and other cannabinoids with molecular carbon tails.

During extraction, these acidic tail molecules go through the man-made process of decarboxylation, which is essentially adding heat. The heat creates a chemical reaction that removes the carboxyl group (removing the carbon atom) and becomes THC, CBD, and so on, so they are safe for consumption.

Because of this conversion, hemp extractors seeking CBG must find the perfect window before CBG shapeshifts into other cannabinoids. Advanced extraction methods and experimenting with high-CBG hemp genetics made cannabigerol oil more obtainable. But because of these inherent difficulties, CBG is more common as an isolate than a whole-plant extract. In fact, many leading brands add CBG isolate to a full spectrum CBD oil, which is anything but a full spectrum CBG oil.  


We are still learning. Research into the metamorphosis cannabinoid just started to bloom, but preliminary studies suggest CBG possesses a range of powers similar to CBD. 

For one, CBG may have antimicrobial properties, supported by a study on cannabis and MRSA. Many also laud cannabinoids as an anti-inflammatory. A 2013 animal study revealed a decrease in colon inflammation. Other research suggests CBG may help with other inflammatory issues like psoriasis and IBS.

CBG research showed promise with conditions like Huntington’s disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, possibly even better than CBD. A Leafly article investigating CBG mentioned a lab study comparing both CBG and CBD for neuro-related causes. While both were effective, CBG showed better results stifling neurodegeneration from toxins. Other research revealed a potential to impede tumor growth, alleviate MS symptoms, and help with pain management.


CBG oil is a cannabigerol extraction, but the term also refers to an extraction mixed with a carrier oil to make tinctures or capsules. 

Our CBG oil comes in two different options: full spectrum oil, returning to store soon and our broad spectrum CBG oil. Both contain elevated levels of CBG,  along with other minor cannabinoids. Full spectrum contains no more than 1mg of THC per bottle, the legal amount permitted in hemp, while broad spectrum does not. It is also possible to buy CBG isolate, which is pure CBG without any other cannabinoids or plant compounds. 


If you’re familiar with taking CBD, then you know how to take CBG. They are used in the same way. If you are new to CBD or CBG, then you’ll learn that the consumption methods are incredibly diverse. Here is an intro into the different methods. 


Sublingual administration is the most common way to consume a tincture. For this method, place 0.5 to 1 milliliter of oil under the tongue for 30 seconds to a minute before swallowing. The area under the tongue is full of capillaries and absorbs active ingredients into the bloodstream quicker than instantly swallowing the formula.

That said, swallowing a tincture without the wait time is still effective. CBG tincture oil goes well in food and drinks—added to salad dressings, drizzled on dishes, blended in smoothies, or muddled in cocktails


CBG isolate works well in food and beverages as well. Its flavorlessness is an added bonus. A simple way to cook with isolate is by infusing olive or other cooking oil with the concentrate or adding it to a dish’s sauce.  (Please note to due variances in law, in the UK, our CBG isolate is not available for ingestion but you can still purchase it as a dabbing product or as a raw material to make up a topical or vape).


CBG works just as well on the outside of the body as it does on the inside. Apply a few drops from a tincture directly to the skin or mix it in with moisturizer. Similarly, isolate blends with topical ingredients to create a CBG-infused salve, cream, lotion, or other skincare products. 


Some people like to vape or dab cannabinoid concentrates because they are more potent and faster-acting than other applications. The quick onset occurs because cannabinoid vapor travels faster through the lungs and into the bloodstream than it does when digested through the liver.  Our CBD tanks for inhalation  include a combination of CBD, CBG and CBT. 


People like edibles due to the long sustained effects compared to shorter, more intense results from vapes and concentrates. This is because edibles have to travel through the digestive system before the body can utilize the cannabinoids. Others prefer edibles since they mask the earthy flavor of hemp. Chocolate bars and gummies are common forms of CBG edibles. 



Like CBD, CBG will not get you high. THC is the only cannabinoid that creates a high effect because of how it interacts with the endocannabinoid system. A series of CB1 and CB2 receptors make up the ECS. The receptors send messages to the body when they are activated by various cannabinoids. 

CB1 Receptors

THC activates the CB1 receptors concentrated in the brain. CB1 receptors control intoxication. According to a report on Weedmaps, when THC binds to these receptors, it also triggers feelings of euphoria. 

CB2 Receptors

CBD, CBG and other minor cannabinoids typically activate CB2 receptors. CB2 receptors are more concentrated in the body than in the brain. CBG needs THC to bind to the CB1 receptors, if they do at all, according to a Healthline article. It’s why they are non-intoxicating. In fact, both CBG and CBD counteract the high effects of THC. 

Research supports that cannabinoids work better as a whole than they do individually, a function known as the entourage effect. For this reason, CBG and CBD may be more effective when used together. CBG also serves as a substitute or alternative to CBD. Cannabinoids interact with each person differently, so experimenting with CBG will help you determine what works best for you. 


May 28, 2022 — Lisa-Marie Marais